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AAD/2008/1 - Lowndes & Drury, stained glass makers: records
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Lowndes & Drury, stained glass makers: records

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This material is held at V&A Archive of Art and Design
Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1
Dates of Creation 1893 - 1987
Name of Creator Lowndes & Drury
Language of Material English
Physical Description 105 files

Scope and Content

Accounts, ledgers and cash books (1893 -1987); sketch books and designs (mainly undated, ca. 1890s - ca. 1900s); photographs of staff, production, premises and stained glass windows (mainly undated, ca. 1890s - ca. 1900s);correspondence and printed ephemera (ca. 1890s - ca. 1981); partnership agreements, indentures and articles of association (1900 - 1953); advertising material (ca. 1900 - 1973); building book (1906); wage books (1906 - 1971); indexed estimate and costing books (ca.1909 - 1939); work and colour books (ca.1912 - ca. 1966); address books (ca. 1917 - ca. 1918); designs by Herbert Hendrie and Francis Spear (1919 - ca. 1957); invoice and letter books (1925 - 1973); bank balance journal (1930 - 1940); order books (1931 - 1965); project papers relating to Christopher Whall, Tonbridge School and Ardingly College (ca. 1934 - 1967); purchase book (1950 - 1953); leases (1953); minute book (1953 - 1967); delivery book (1961 - 1971).

Administrative / Biographical History

Lowndes & Drury was established in 1897 to provide stained glass artists with the studio facilities, staff and equipment to carry out their commissions freelance, making them independent of commercial stained glass firms. The firm was founded by the stained glass artist Mary Lowndes (1856 - 1929) and glazier Alfred John Drury (1868 - 1940) who first met in 1893 whilst working at the stained glass window firm, Britten & Gilson. As well as producing stained glass windows, Mary Lowndes was an active member of the Women's suffrage movement and she chaired and designed banners, posters and postcards for the Artists' Suffrage League (1907 - ca. 1916). Alfred John Drury taught at the Royal College of Art and LCC Central School of Arts & Crafts in the 1900s alongside Christopher Whall (1849 - 1924), one of the leading members of the Arts and Crafts Movement. The firm established their first premises in 1897, at 35 Park Walk, Chelsea and in 1906 moved to new studios and workshops, partly designed by C. H. B. Quennell, on Lettice Street, Fulham. These new premises became known as 'The Glass House' and the studios were rented to stained glass artists who paid for the services of Lowndes & Drury from their commission fees.

Artists who used the premises or were associated with the firm include Hugh Arnold, Robert Anning Bell, Jasper Brett, Harry Clarke, Margaret Chilton, Alice Erskine, Mabel Esplin, Rosemary Everett, Emily Ford, Gordon Forsyth, Moira Forsyth, Joseph Wilson Foster, Joan Fulleylove, Wilhelmina Geddes, Isabel Gloag, George Kruger Gray, Herbert Hendrie, Henry Holiday, Joan Howson, Jessie Jacob, Edith Lungley, Gerald Moira, Karl Parsons, Lilian Pocock, Arnold Robinson, Margaret Rope, Margaret Aldrich Rope, Baron Arlid Rosenkrantz, Theodora Salusbury, Clement Skilbeck, Gladys Spawforth, Francis H. Spear, Martin Travers, Caroline Townsend, Morris Meredith Williams and Paul Woodroofe. Many of these artists were former pupils of Christopher Whall and became leading stained glass artists of the Arts and Crafts Movement. Alfred John Drury's son, Victor Drury (1899 - 1988) had grown up working for the firm and although he briefly worked in partnership with E. Liddall Armitage in the early 1920s he returned to work for Lowndes & Drury in the mid 1920s and took over the running of the firm in the 1930s. In September 1953, Lowndes & Drury became incorporated as a Limited company and closed after Victory Drury's retirement in July 1973.

Arrangement

This catalogue is a complete description of the archive to file level.

Conditions Governing Access

This archive is available for consultation in the V&A Archive and Library Reading Room, which is located at Blythe House, 23 Blythe Rd, Olympia, London, W14 0QX. The Reading Room is open Tuesday to Friday between 10.00 am and 4.30 pm, access to it is by appointment only. To request an appointment please email archive@vam.ac.uk or telephone 020 7603 7493

Additionally access to some of these files may be restricted. These are identified at file level.

Conditions Governing Use

For conservation reasons the photocopying of archival material is not permitted. Archives may be photographed for study purposes only, at the discretion of the archivist.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Donald Drury via the William Morris Gallery, 2008.

Related Material

Archive and manuscript sources: Papers of Mary Lowndes (NA1402) and the Artists' Suffrage League (2/ASL), at The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University. Papers of Mary Lowndes (BDR/C6/1/75), at Birmingham City Archives.

Bibliography

Armstrong, Nancy, 'Lowndes, Mary (1856 - 1929)' , Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.

Cormack, Peter, ' Obituaries: Victor Drury (1899 - 1988)' , The Journal of Stained Glass, Volume XIX No.I (1989 -1990) ISBN 0 9510334 3 3.

Drury, Donald V, ' Lowndes and Drury: a memoir of the 50s' , The Journal of Stained Glass, volume XXI No. X (1997) ISBN 0 9510334 8 4.

O'Donoghue, Ann, 'Mary Lowndes - a brief overview of her life and work' , The Journal of Stained Glass, volume XXIV (2000, published 2001) ISBN 0 9540457 0 X.

William Morris Gallery, 'Christopher Whall 1849 - 1924: Arts & Crafts stained glass worker' (London, 1979) ISBN 0 901974 10 2.

Subjects

Stained glass industry
Glass painting and staining

Personal Names

Lowndes, Mary
Drury, Alfred John
Drury, Victor
Hendrie, Herbert
Spear, Francis
Whall, Christopher

Corporate Names

Lowndes & Drury

Cataloguing Info

Title Lowndes & Drury, stained glass makers: records
Sub-title Catalogue of records in the Victoria and Albert Museum: Archive of Art and Design
Author Emma Golding
Revisions
Jan 2010
  • Upgraded to EAD 2002 by Alexia Kirk

CORPORATE RECORDS

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-1
Dates of Creation 1900-1967
Physical Description 3 files

Scope and Content

This sub-group contains two series covering the following records: Partnership agreements, indentures and Articles of Association.

Related Material

See AAD/2008/1/23 for records relating to the closure of Lowndes & Drury, July 1973 - July 1974.


Partnership agreements, indentures and Articles of Association for Lowndes & Drury.

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-1-1
Dates of Creation 1900-1953
Physical Description 2 files

Partnership agreements

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/1
Dates of Creation June 1900-Dec 1921
Physical Description 6 items

Scope and Content

This folder contains partnership agreements between Mary Lowndes and Alfred John Drury and indentures between Mary Lowndes, Alfred John Drury, Hugh Arnold and Charles Thomas Arnold. Also included is a letter to Alfred John Drury from [Christopher Thomas] Arnold regarding a £500 mortgage.


Memorandum and Articles of Association of Lowndes & Drury.

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/2
Dates of Creation Sept 1953
Physical Description 1 item, 15pp

Minute books

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-1-2
Dates of Creation 1953-1967
Physical Description 1 file

Minute book

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/3
Dates of Creation Sept 1953-June 1967
Physical Description 1 volume, ca. 192pp

Scope and Content

This minute book begins with the first meeting of the members of Lowndes & Drury in September 1953 and including the minutes from the first and the fourteenth annual general meeting.


PROPERTY AND PREMISES RECORDS

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-2
Dates of Creation 1953
Physical Description 2 files

Scope and Content

This sub-group contains one series covering: Leases and Agreements to Let


Leases and Agreements to Let

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-2-1
Dates of Creation 1953
Physical Description 2 files

Scope and Content

This series contains property records for Lowndes & Drury studios and workshops in Lettice Street, Fulham known as 'The Glass House'


Seven year lease and counterpart lease between Victor John Drury and Lowndes & Drury.

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/4
Dates of Creation Sept 1953
Physical Description 2 items, 20pp

Agreement to Let and duplicate copy between Victor John Drury and Lowndes & Drury.

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/5
Dates of Creation Sept 1953
Physical Description 2 items, 10pp

FINANCIAL RECORDS

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-3
Dates of Creation 1893-1987
Physical Description 50 files

Scope and Content

This sub-group contains eight series covering the following records: Accounts Building books; Ledgers Cash books; Wage books; Purchase day books; Invoice and letter books; Bank balance journal


Accounts

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-3-1
Dates of Creation 1893-1946
Physical Description 7 files

Scope and Content

These files contain yearly accounts for Lowndes & Drury.


Accounts and related correspondence for Lowndes & Drury

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/6
Dates of Creation Nov 1893-Feb 1928
Physical Description 35 items, 166pp

Scope and Content

This file is includes a letter dated November 1893 to Alfred John Drury from the stained glass firm, Britten & Gilson regarding his employment as a 'weekly servant'.

Arrangement

This file is arranged in chronological order.


Lowndes & Drury accounts for the year ending 31st December 1940

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/7
Dates of Creation Mar 1941
Physical Description 1 item, 4pp

Scope and Content

The accounts were produced by Davies Bros. chartered accountants.


Lowndes & Drury accounts for the year ending 31st December 1941

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/8
Dates of Creation Mar 1942
Physical Description 1 item, 4pp

Scope and Content

The accounts were produced by Davies Bros. chartered accountants.


Lowndes & Drury accounts for the year ending 31st December 1942

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/9
Dates of Creation Apr 1943
Physical Description 1 item, 4pp

Scope and Content

The accounts were produced by Davies Bros. chartered accountants.


Lowndes & Drury accounts for the year ending 31st December 1943

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/10
Dates of Creation Feb 1944
Physical Description 1 item, 5pp

Scope and Content

The accounts were produced by Davies Bros. chartered accountants.


Lowndes & Drury accounts for the year ending 31st December 1944

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/11
Dates of Creation Feb 1945
Physical Description 1 item, 4pp

Scope and Content

The accounts were produced by Davies Bros. chartered accountants.


Lowndes & Drury accounts for the year ending 31st December 1945

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/12
Dates of Creation Mar 1946
Physical Description 1 item, 5pp

Scope and Content

The accounts were produced by Davies Bros. chartered accountants.


Building books

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-3-2
Dates of Creation 1906
Physical Description 1 file

Notebook containing details of the costs of building 'The Glass House'.

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/13
Dates of Creation 1906
Physical Description 1 item, ca. 171pp

Ledgers

Reference Number(s) GB 73 Lowndes-3-3
Dates of Creation 1928-1974
Physical Description 10 files

Scope and Content

These records contain details of the income and expenditure of Lowndes & Drury, indexed by name of artist or client unless otherwise stated.


Ledger containing details of rents received from stained glass artists for studios and premises.

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/14
Dates of Creation Jan 1928-Jan 1948
Physical Description 1 volume, ca. 257pp

Ledger containing brief details of artists, work undertaken for clients and the payments received.

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/15
Dates of Creation Jan 1926-Dec 1937
Physical Description 1 volume, ca. 386pp

Ledger containing brief details of artists, work undertaken for clients and the payments received

Reference Number(s) GB 73 AAD/2008/1/16
Dates of Creation Jan 1934-Dec 1949
Physical Description 1 volume, ca. 417pp

Scope and Content

Also included are lists of work in progress for the period December 1943 to December 1949.