Title: Records of Tennent Caledonian Breweries Ltd, brewers, Glasgow, Scotland
Extent and medium of the unit of description: 13.80 metres
Repository: Scottish Brewing Archive
Name of creator(s): Tennent Caledonian Breweries Ltd (brewers : 1966 - : Glasgow, Scotland),
Level of Description: fonds
Published by: Scottish Brewing Archive 20 March 2002
Language of Material: English
Hugh and Robert Tennent founded H & R Tennent in 1740 at Drygate Bridge, Drygate, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland, although the Tennent family had been associated with brewing in Glasgow since the mid-sixteenth century. Hugh Tennent's sons, John and Robert, continued the family business, trading as J & R Tennent from at least 1769. The business expanded in the 1790s, absorbing the adjacent brewhouse of William McLehose, until the Drygate Brewery, renamed Wellpark Brewery, covered 5 acres. Robert Tennent died in 1826 and John Tennent in 1827, Hugh Tennent , the eldest son of Robert, assuming control of the business. Hugh Tennent retired in 1855 and his fifth son, Charles Stewart Parker Tennent, took control but died in 1864, some months before his father. The brewery was subsequently operated by trustees on behalf of Charles Tennent's sons, Archibald and Hugh. In 1884 Hugh Tennent acquired his brother's share in the business and assumed sole control. He started lager brewing for export in 1885, a new lager brewery being built at Wellpark between 1889 and 1891. After Hugh Tennent's death in 1890 another trust ran the brewery until 1901. J & R Tennent was registered in 1901 as a limited liability company to acquire the business. The company was one of the first businesses in the United Kingdom to can beer. It became a public company in 1953 and formed a subsidiary company, West of Scotland Taverns Ltd, to acquire and operate its licensed premises in 1953. In 1960 it acquired Maclachlans Ltd, Castle Brewery, Craigmillar, Edinburgh, Scotland, and over 100 tied houses; Turner's (Ayr) Ltd, bottlers and distributors; and Westcon Ltd, caterers of Ayr, Scotland. The company, along with 240 licensed houses, was taken over by Charrington United Breweries Ltd, London, England, in 1963, and in 1966 formally merged with United Caledonian Breweries Ltd, Charrington United Breweries Ltd's other Scottish holding, to form Tennent Caledonian Breweries Ltd. The new company's brewing was concentrated at Wellpark Brewery, Glasgow, and Heriot Brewery, Edinburgh. Wellpark Brewery was redeveloped between 1965 and 1968 while Heriot Brewery was demolished in the 1990s. The company continues to brew at Wellpark Brewery and claims to have the largest sales of all beers sold in Scotland.
Richmond, Lesley and Turton, Alison (eds). The Brewing Industry. A Guide to Historical Records (Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1990)
The material is arranged according to the Scottish Brewing Archive classification scheme used within all SBA collections.
The collection was previously stored at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh. It moved to the University of Glasgow in 1991. Further deposits have been received since 1991.
Tennent Caledonian Breweries
This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 1127 procedures
Material under 30 years old is closed to access. It is advised that you should contact the archivist before visiting.
Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Scottish Brewing Archivist
Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use & condition of documents
File level list available in searchroom. The collection is currently being re-catalogued
Most of the collections mentioned below are of companies that were acquired by Tennent Caledonian Breweries.
GB 1127 ARTEFACTS: Scottish Brewing Archive Artefacts Collection
GB 1127 WST: Records of West of Scotland Taverns Ltd
GB 1127 GJM: Records of G & J Maclachlan Ltd
GB 1127 CUB: Records of Charrington United Breweries Ltd, breweries & licensed premises group
GB 802302: Records of Charrington United Breweries Ltd (private collection, enquiries to Business Archives Council, London, England)
GB 802302 BAC: Records of Charrington & Co Ltd, brewers (private collection, enquiries to Business Archives Council, London, England)
GB 1127 UCB: Records of United Caledonian Breweries Ltd
GB 802302 no 619: Records of United Breweries Ltd (private collection, enquiries to Business Archives Council, London, England)
GB 1127 GY: Records of George Younger & Son Ltd
GB 1127 JJ: Records of John Jeffrey & Co Ltd
GB 1127 JA: Records of John Aitchison & Co Ltd
GB 1127 AIT: Records of James Aitken & Co (Falkirk) Ltd
GB 1127 AJ: Records of Aitchison Jeffrey Ltd
GB 1127 JF: Records of John Fowler & Co Ltd
GB 1127 TR: Records of Turner, Ayr & Newton Breweries Ltd
GB 1127 WC: Records of Westcon Ltd
"Tennent's Malts". Scottish Brewing Archive Newsletter No 25 (Summer 1985)
McMaster, Charles . "Men of Brewing - Hugh T Tennent". Scottish Brewing Archive Newsletter No 7 (Summer 1986)
Anderson, Archibald F . Letter Received by J & R Tennent, Wellpark Brewery, Glasgow, 5 December 1938. Scottish Brewing Archive Newsletter No 17 (Summer 1990)
Manz, Stefan . "J & R Tennent's Lager. The German Connection". The Annual Journal of the Scottish Brewing Archive 1 (1998), pp1-12
Manz, Stefan . „Technologietransfer und Spezialistenwanderung. Eine Augsburger Lagerbrauerei in Glasgow, 1881-1959“. Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte 45 (2000), pp225-247
Fonds level description compiled by Natalie Milne, Archive Assistant (Hub), Tuesday 20 November 2001
Revised by Wiebke Redlich, Archive Assistant (Hub), 20 March 2002