Volcanoes and earthquakes
Photos copyright © Edinburgh University Library Special Collections
Division; and Special Collections, J.B. Priestley Library, University
After Britain experiencing its strongest earthquake in almost a quarter
of a century, this month we highlight descriptions
for the papers of geologists and geophysicists, travellers and photographers
who have witnessed the effects of volcanoes and earthquakes. There are
to selected websites and a brief bibliography.
Chichester (1795-1847) and Mary
Chichester (1801-1876): accounts of the 1843 earthquake in the Antilles.
Lyell (1797-1875): influential geologist, fellow of the Royal Society;
these papers include notes on the New Zealand earthquake of 1856.
David Forbes (1809-1868): scientist and traveller, Professor of
Natural Philosophy at Edinburgh University; investigated hot springs
and volcanic activity.
Shaw Smith (1811-1873): traveller; this collection includes notes
and photographs of a visit to Pompeii around 1850.
Fouqué (1828-1904): French geologist, mineralogist; correspondence
discussing Geikie's Ancient volcanoes of Great Britain.
Geikie (1835-1924): first Director of the Geological Survey of Scotland,
President of the Geological Society of London, and President of the
Royal Society; author of Ancient volcanoes of Great Britain,
Wesley Judd (1840-1916): Professor of Geology, President of the
Geological Society; papers include notes on volcanic eruptions, photographs
of geological features, including the active volcano Stromboli, Italy.
- F.W. Rudler
(1840-1915): Professor of Geology, Curator and Librarian of the Museum
of Practical Geology; manuscript lecture notes on earthquakes, volcanoes,
including the great eruption of Mount Pelée, Martinique, in 1902.
T. Metcalfe (1867-1938): Fellow of the Geological Society; this
collection includes photographs and notes on ancient volcanoes in Derbyshire,
the Giant's Causeway in Ireland, and sites on the west coast of Scotland.
- Ebenezer John Mann
(1881-1957) and Mabel
Mann (1883-1977): missionaries to China; this collection includes
photographs, 1920-1921, of the aftermath of the earthquake in Lanchow,
Dicey (fl. 1887): account and drawings
of the 1887 earthquake at Alassio, Italy.
Holmes (1890-1965): Professor of Geology at Edinburgh University;
author of Petrology of the Bufumbira volcanoes, 1937.
Jeffreys (1891-1989): geophysicist, author of The Earth,
Students Union: following the 1963 earthquake in Skopje, Macedonia,
a team of students from the Bradford Institute of Technology (later
the University of Bradford) assisted in reconstruction efforts.
are provided to records on Copac for these items. Copac
is the free, web based national union catalogue, containing the holdings
of many of the major university and National Libraries in UK and Ireland
plus a number of special libraries. For more information about accessing
items see the FAQs
on the Copac website.
- Glen V. Berg The Skopje, Yugoslavia earthquake, July 26, 1963
- Archibald Geikie The ancient volcanoes of Great Britain Records
- Harold Jeffreys The earth : its origin, history and physical constitution
sixth edition 1976. Records
- Terry Jennings Volcanoes and earthquakes Records
- W.J. McGuire (ed.) The archaeology
of geological catastrophes Records
- Philip S. Watson The giant's causeway and the North Antrim coast
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