Around the Campfire
A century of Boy Scouts and other youth organisations
Photos copyright © Scott Polar Research Institute, University of
Cambridge; Glasgow University Archive Services; the National Co-operative
Archive; and the University of St Andrews: these are links to larger images.
This month we celebrate the centenary of the Boy Scouts, and also highlight
other youth organisations. The Boy Scouts were established as an organisation
in 1908 by Sir Robert (later Lord) Baden-Powell (1857-1941), a cavalry
officer and hero of the Boer War (1899-1902). Baden-Powell found his training
manual Aids to Scouting, 1899, being used by church youth organisations
such as the Boys' Brigade, and he was vice-president of the Boys' Brigade
in 1903. It was in July and August 1907 that Baden-Powell held the first
scout camp on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, and in 1908 he published
the hugely successful Scouting for Boys, which inspired the formation
of scout troops. By 1910 there were 100,000 Boy Scouts in Britain, and
the movement has since established itself around the world.
Baden-Powell and his sister Agnes (1858-1945) founded the Girl Guides
in 1910, and Lady Baden-Powell (1889-1977) was leader of the world Girl
Guide movement from 1918. Specialist groups were also formed, including
Sea Scouts and Air Scouts. A team of Scouts was recruited for the final
voyage south by Sir
Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922), on Quest in 1921-1922.
We are also highlighting collection descriptions relating to other
youth organisations: the Girl Guides, the Boys' Brigade,
the Jewish Lads' and Girls' Brigade, the Kindred of the Kibbo Kift, and
the Woodcraft Folk. And there are links to related
Scouts Association: this collection comprises of correspondence
regarding the steam yacht Discovery,
expedition ship to Robert Falcon Scott's British National Antarctic
Expedition, 1901-1904. In 1936, ship was given to the Boy Scout Association
as a training ship.
Mark's Church Stambermill and Lampeter Scout Troops: St. Mark's
Church Stambermill Scout Troop was founded by Alfred Morris (1894-1971),
later Archbishop of Wales.
University Scout and Guide Group: the first university scout club,
founded in 1919.
University Scout and Guide Club: formed in 1953, following the amalgamation
of the Girton College Guides and Cambridge University Rover Scouts Crew,
founded in the 1920s.
of Birmingham Scout and Guide Club: founded in 1929.
of Oxford and District Boy Scouts Association: papers 1908-42, including
the the Sea Scouts committee, 1935-46
County Herb Committee: formed at the University of Wales, Bangor
in 1942 by representatives of various organisations interested in the
medicinal use of herbs and plants, particularly in wartime; this included
the Boy Scouts and the Girl Guides.
University Library: albums including photos of Boy Scouts.
Mooney (born around 1904): a patrol leader in the 2nd Orkneys Scout
Troop and served as cabin-boy on Quest.
Corbett (1895-1977): Chief Scout of the British Commonwealth and
Ross (died 1967): Ross was Organising Officer and Deputy Camp Chief
of the Boy Scout Association in Central Provinces (Madhya Pradesh),
Wall (1916-1998): MP
and keen yachtsman; worked with the City of Westminster Sea Scout and
Sea Cadet organisations, and the London Sea Scout Committee.
Marr (1902-1965): a patrol leader in the 1st Aberdeen Scout Troop
and served as cabin-boy on Quest; later returned to the Antarctic
as a marine biologist.
Burdon Haldane (1856-1928): statesman, lawyer and philosopher; Baden-Powell
discussed the scouting movement with Haldane when he was Secretary of
State for War.
Orme (1882-1975): school teacher and missionary in North India;
collection includes photos of Girl Guides.
Mary Briggs (1898-1980): studied folklore; involved in training
Girl Guides and Brownies.
Movement Archive: papers of the Kindred of the Kibbo Kift, founded
in 1920; and papers of the Woodcraft Folk, which broke from the Kibbo
Kift was established as a separate organisation in 1925.
Press Photographic Collection: includes photos of youth organisations
such as the Woodcraft Folk.
Lads' and Girls' Brigade: formed in London in 1895.
and Dingwall familes: Dundee families involved in the Boys' Brigade,
the first such national organisation for boys, founded in Glasgow in
M. Cowie (1902-1982): St Andrews press photographer whose collection
includes images of Boy Scouts and the Boys' Brigade.
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