Papers of the Earls of Clarendon

Reference: GB 0161 MSS. Clar. dep. b. 33-8, c. 1-104, c. 125-49, c. 178-226, c. 246-78, c. 327-47, c. 357-426, c. 428-32, c. 441-510, c. 520-62; MSS. Clar. dep. Irish boxes 1-82; MSS. Clar. dep. Irish vols. 1-28; MS. Film 34
Title: Papers of the Earls of Clarendon
Dates of creation: 17th century-1879
Held at: Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
Extent: 537 shelfmarks
Name of Creator: Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon, 1738-86; George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon; and others
Level of Description: fonds
Language of Material: eng spa fre por lat


Administrative/Biographical History

The Earls of Clarendon represented in this collection are Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon of the first creation; Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon of the second creation (1709-1786); and George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (1800-1870), Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

Scope and Content

The collection is divided as follows:

  • Papers relating to the Earls of Clarendon of the first creation
  • Papers relating to the Earls of Clarendon of the second creation
  • Other papers, consisting of: Barham papers; collections of William Shaw; heraldic collections; literary papers

Administrative Information

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers were deposited in the Bodleian Library in 1949.

Access Conditions

Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card (for admissions procedures see http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/).

Copyright/Reproduction

The papers were deposited in the Library on condition that no extracts from them shall be printed without the depositor's, or his heir's, written consent (readers will be asked to sign a form acknowledging this).

Further Information

Finding Aids

A full catalogue is available in the Library.

Related Units of Description

See also Papers of George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, and Sir Thomas Villiers Lister (MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1034, d. 483; Eng. lett. c. 538, d. 514-19), and Papers of Lady Katherine Clarendon and other members of the Clarendon family (MSS. Eng. c. 2082-181, d. 2048-54, e. 2074-132).

Microfilms of Clarendon American material in the Bodleian and the Public Record Office are published on microfilm in American material in the Clarendon papers 1853-1870. The private and confidential correspondence of George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon and 4th Baron Hyde [introduction, and 'Index' (list) of the shelfmarks and folios included] (Microform Academic Publishers, Wakefield, n.d.).

Reference: GB 0161 MSS. Clar. dep. c. 392-412

Papers Relating to the Earls of Clarendon of the First Creation

Dates of creation: 1642-1722
Extent: 21 shelfmarks
Name of Creator: Thomas Kipps


Administrative/Biographical History

Thomas Kipps was pursebearer to Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon of the first creation, as Lord Chancellor.

Scope and Content

Docket Books of Thomas Kipps.

Administrative Information

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers were deposited in the Bodleian Library in 1949.

Access Conditions

Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card (for admissions procedures see http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/).

Copyright/Reproduction

The papers were deposited in the Library on condition that no extracts from them shall be printed without the depositor's, or his heir's, written consent (readers will be asked to sign a form acknowledging this).

Further Information

Finding Aids

A full catalogue is available in the Library.

Reference: GB 0161 MSS. Clar. dep. c. 1-104, c. 125-49, c. 178-226, c. 246-78, c. 327-47, c. 441-510, c. 520-61; MSS. Clar. dep. Irish boxes 1-82; MSS. Clar. dep. Irish vols. 1-28; MS. Film 34

Papers Relating to the Earls of Clarendon of the Second Creation

Dates of creation: 17th century-1879
Extent: 455 shelfmarks


Administrative/Biographical History

Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon of the second creation, (1709-1786) served in the diplomatic service from 1737 to 1748, when he retired from diplomatic employment to devote himself to home politics. Details are given in the Dictionary of National Biography.

George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (1800-1870) was grandson of Thomas Villiers, first Earl of Clarendon. He entered the diplomatic service in 1820. He was appointed a commissioner of customs in 1823, and from 1827 to 1829 was involved in the union of the English and Irish excise boards. In 1833 he was sent to Madrid as envoy-extraordinary and minister-plenipotentiary. In 1847 he became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and in 1853 he became Foreign Secretary. Details are given in the Dictionary of National Biography.

Scope and Content

Papers relating to the Earls of Clarendon of the Second Creation, consisting of:

Correspondence and diplomatic papers of Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon, 1738-86.

Papers of George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, consisting of:

  • Papers relating to Ireland, 1826-70
  • Papers relating to Spain, 17th century-1841
  • Papers relating to the Foreign Office, 1847-70
  • General correspondence and miscellaneous, 1777-1879

Administrative Information

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers were deposited in the Bodleian Library in 1949.

Access Conditions

Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card (for admissions procedures see http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/).

Copyright/Reproduction

The papers were deposited in the Library on condition that no extracts from them shall be printed without the depositor's, or his heir's, written consent (readers will be asked to sign a form acknowledging this).

Further Information

Finding Aids

A full catalogue is available in the Library.

Related Units of Description

See also Papers of George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, and Sir Thomas Villiers Lister (MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1034, d. 483; Eng. lett. c. 538, d. 514-19), and Papers of Lady Katherine Clarendon and other members of the Clarendon family (MSS. Eng. c. 2082-181, d. 2048-54, e. 2074-132).

Reference: GB 0161 MSS. Clar. dep. b. 33-8, 357-91, c. 413-26, c. 428-32; c. 562

Barham and Other Papers

Dates of creation: 1673-1848
Extent: 61 shelfmarks
Name of Creator: Joseph Foster Barham, John Foster Barham, William Shaw


Administrative/Biographical History

Joseph Foster Barham (1759-1832) lived at Stratford Place, Middlesex, and Stockbridge, Hampshire, was MP for Stockbridge, the owner of considerable estates in the West Indies and the United Kingdom, and the husband of Caroline, daughter of Sackville Tufton, 8th Earl of Thanet. He was a business man and landowner of considerable substance. A great part of his wealth flowed from the West Indies, but he also owned sizeable estates in England and Wales. His Welsh property came to him through his mother, Dorothy, who was a Vaughan of Trecoon, Pembrokeshire. His West Indies inheritance appears to have derived from family conquest, for his great-grandfather, Colonel Thomas Foster, was reputed to have served as an officer under Penn and Venables in the 1655 expedition. Certainly he established himself at Elim in the parish of St. Elizabeth, Jamaica. His grandfather, Colonel John Foster, also of Elim and the son of Colonel Thomas Foster, married Elizabeth Smith, by whom he had a large family. Joseph Foster of Hardwick Hall, Shropshire (father of the MP for Stockbridge), was a son of this marriage. Elizabeth Smith subsequently married secondly Henry Barham, MD (not to be confused with his father, Henry Barham, FRS) (see the Dictionary of National Biography) and under the will of this Henry Barham, Joseph Foster, his stepson, took the surname of Barham by Act of Parliament.

John Foster Barham (1799-1838), eldest son of Joseph Foster and Caroline Barham, was MP for Kendal, and first husband of Lady Catherine Grimston, daughter of the 1st Earl of Verulam. She subsequently married the 4th Earl of Clarendon, hence the presence of these papers among the Clarendon manuscripts.

William Shaw was of St. John's College, Cambridge (probably the Shaw who died 5 August 1739, see Political State of Great Britain, 1739, II, 186).

Scope and Content

Barham papers, 1673-1848, consisting of:

  • Papers dealing primarily with the administration of the two Barham estates, the Island Estate and Mesopotamia, in the West Indies
  • Papers dealing mainly with estate matters in the United Kingdom, that is, with the Barham property at Stockbridge, Trecoon and Westmorland
  • Political papers which concern the activities of Joseph Barham and his son John as MPs for Stockbridge and Kendal, and also show that these were not the easiest times to own negro slaves or to sell sugar in England
  • Family and other private papers
  • Miscellaneous papers

Collections of William Shaw, 1714-46, with additions by 'H.S.', consisting of: a commonplace book; extracts of records relating to St. John's College, Cambridge; topographical collections; indexes of personal names and heraldic terms.

18th-century heraldic collections, in the hand of 'H.S.', except that most of the indexes are in a different hand. These are mainly transcripts of copies of visitations in the Harleian collection, collated in some cases with other manuscripts.

18th-century literary pieces.

Administrative Information

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers were deposited in the Bodleian Library in 1949.

Access Conditions

Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card (for admissions procedures see http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/).

Copyright/Reproduction

The papers were deposited in the Library on condition that no extracts from them shall be printed without the depositor's, or his heir's, written consent (readers will be asked to sign a form acknowledging this).

Further Information

Finding Aids

A catalogue of the collection is available online at http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/online/online.htm.

A full catalogue is available in the Library.