Search within this description

Contents

TGA 7050 - Correspondence and papers of Paul Nash and his wife Margaret
About this page

Correspondence and papers of Paul Nash and his wife Margaret

Archives described on the Archives Hub are held in repositories across the UK

  • this Description
  • View XML | View Text

Digital Materials

'Harbour and Room' by Paul Nash'Harbour and Room' by Paul Nash
This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050
Dates of Creation 1906-1962
Name of Creator Nash, Paul (1889–1946), painter
Physical Description 12 boxes

Scope and Content

Paul Nash is best known for his English landscapes in oil and watercolour, but he was also a photographer and writer. This collection consists largely of his personal and business correspondence during the 1930s and early 1940s, and the correspondence of his wife Margaret, from his death in 1946, when she took on the job of protecting and furthering his reputation, until her death in 1960. There are also a number of Paul's personal documents including his passport, sketches and the Nash family history; copies of draft and published articles and books by or about Paul Nash, including 'Room and Book' and 'Outline' his autobiography; and a selection of exhibition catalogues and private view cards.

Paul's correspondence concerns his work as a war artist for the Air Ministry and the Ministry of Information; his involvement in the Arts Bureau in Oxford for War Service and the Artists' International Association; his designs for Cresta Silks; the publication of his article 'Aerial Flowers', the Chiswick Press and Counterpoint; his autobiography 'Outline'; and Herbert Read's monograph on Paul published by Penguin Books. A significant porportion of the correspondence concerns the sale, exhibition and reproduction of his works through various official bodies or galleries including the British Council, Central Institute for Art and Design, Kenneth Clark and the National Gallery, C.E.M.A., Richard de la Mare and Faber & Faber, Oliver Brown and the Leicester Galleries, Rex Nan Kivell and the Redfern Gallery, Richard Seddon and Paul's agent, Arthur Tooth's and Sons.

Margaret's correspondence also concerns the sale, exhibition and reproduction of various of Paul's works; the preparation and arrangement of the Paul Nash memorial concert, exhibition and volume 'Paul Nash: Paintings, Drawings and Illustrations' by Margot Eates, (Lund Humphries, 1948); the publication of 'Aerial Flowers' (Counterpoint, 1947), 'Outline' (Faber & Faber, 1949), 'Fertile Image' a book of Paul's photographs edited by Margaret (Faber & Faber, 1951) and 'Paul Nash: Portrait of an artist' a biography by Anthony Bertram (Faber & Faber, 1955); her donation of negatives and photographs of Paul's works to the Courtauld Institute and the Victoria and Albert Museum; and her health, financial situation, will and the Paul Nash Trust. Other major correspondents with Margaret include Philip James and the Arts Council, the British Council, Roger Boulton, David Bland and Richard de la Mare of Faber & Faber, Peter Gregory of Lund Humphries, Oliver Brown of the Leicester Galleries, Manchester Art Gallery, Herbert Read, Richard Seddon, the Soho Gallery, the Tate Gallery and John Rothenstein, Richard Smart, Dudley Tooth and Peter Cochrane of Arthur Tooth and Sons, George Wingfield Digby of the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Zwemmer Gallery.

Administrative / Biographical History

Paul Nash was born in London on 11 May 1889, son of William Harry Nash, late Recorder of Abingdon. He was educated at St. Paul's School, and was originally going to join the Navy. His earliest artistic training was at the Chelsea Polytechnic and the L.C.C. school, from which he went to the Slade School of Art between 1910-1911. In 1914, shortly after marrying Margaret Theodosia Odeh, he enlisted in The Artists Rifles, from which he received a commission in The Hampshire Regiment. Though he had exhibited drawings in 1911, Nash first came into prominence in June 1917, when during convalescence from a broken rib received in the trenches, he showed at the Goupil Gallery a collection of landscape drawings made in the Ypres Salient. They made a huge impact, and when Nash returned to France it was as an official war artist.

Nash developed rapidly with changes of style and medium, but always retained the same general attitude to nature from simplified forms, through geometrical shapes to surrealist images. Nash also acted as a designer for industry using a wide range of crafts and materials - textiles, wood, glass, china, book production, posters and stage design and costumes. His ideas on modernity in design were enunciated with the foundation in 1933 of 'Unit One'; a group of painters, sculptors, and architects pledged to the expression of the contemporary spirit in their work. For a time Nash was a member of the New English Art Club, the London Group, the London Artists' Association, the Modern English Watercolour Society and the International Society of Wood-engravers, but when 'Unit One' was formed it was announced that he had resigned from all other groups and societies. In 1933, he was elected a member of the Council for Art and Industry, having been president of the Society of Industrial Artists in the previous year. He was also visiting instructor to the School of Design at the Royal College of Art. In 1940 Nash was appointed an official war artist to the Air Ministry, and in 1941 to the Ministry of Information. Paul Nash died on 11 July 1946.

Arrangement

The collection has been arranged in three sections: the correspondence of Paul Nash, the correspondence of Margaret Nash, and a collection of Paul's personal documents, articles, exhibition catalogues and press cuttings. The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent and chronologically within the alphabetical order.

Reference numbers TGA 7050/774, 895-905 and 950 have not been used.

Conditions Governing Access

Open. Access to all registered researchers

Custodial History

Presented by the Trustees of the Paul Nash Estate, September 1970.

Other Finding Aid

Paper list available.

Alternative Form Available

The collection is available on microfiche, under 'Nash, Paul'.

Related Material

Tate Archive holds a number of other collections relating to Paul Nash, including: copies of articles by Nash and lineblock prints (TGA 8127); a small collection of his writings, artwork, correspondence and photographs (TGA 769); a collection of Paul and Margaret's postcards and details of Nash family history (TGA 7127); books by or about Paul Nash (TGA 964); and some of Nash's painting equipment (TGA 8521). Correspondence between Paul Nash, Edward Burra and Alexander Calder (TGA 795); correspondence between Paul Nash and PH Wilenski (TGA 8123); correspondence between Albert Rutherston and Paul and John Nash (TAM 52); correspondence between Paul and Margaret Nash and the Redfern Gallery, including designs for the Curwen Press and reproductions of works by Paul Nash (TAM 37); collection of 1267 photographic negatives taken by Paul Nash (TGA 7050PH); collection of Barbara Nash's correspondence and details of Nash family history (TGA 855); collection of John Nash's personal papers and correspondence (TGA 8910); and papers of the Paul Nash Trust (TGA 20006).

Subjects

Art
Artists

Personal Names

Nash, Paul. ( 1889–1946) painter
Nash, Margaret. ( d.1960)

Geographical Names

Dymchurch, Kent, UK

Cataloguing Info

Title Correspondence and papers of Paul Nash and his wife Margaret
Author Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Publication Tate Gallery Archive 24/05/2012
Creation Finding aid created by export from CALM v8.0.2.40 Archives Hub EAD2002
Revisions

Pencil and watercolour sketches of townscapes and tanks with envelope marked "Worcester College Panel" in Paul Nash's hand

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/1
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 1 folder and 1 volume

Scope and Content

Also handbound volume "A Children's Charade - Madcap" adapted from "The Taming of the Shrew" by Lucy d'Aymmant and illustrated by Paul Nash, with part of original cover.

Conditions Governing Access

Oversize item - not available in the Temporary Reading Rooms

Personal Names


Draft for 'Outline', Nash's autobiography in Nash's hand and typescript

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/2
Dates of Creation 12 Sep 1950
Physical Description 1 box

Scope and Content

Includes illustrations (sketches photographs and prints), list of illustrations and typed letters from Patricia Robinson, Faber & Faber, to Margaret Nash regarding illustrations. Also includes 'Unseen Landscapes' 1938, 'The Giants Stride' 1939, and 'Personality of the Planes' 1940, all written by Paul Nash.

Personal Names

Corporate Names

Faber & Faber

Folder containing sheets inscribed in Paul Nash's hand and pictures of his work, headed 'Paul's selection for review of his work originaly planned to be done with Conrad Senat'

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 1 folder and 1 volume

Scope and Content

Also includes two copies of 'Aerial Flowers', Oxford, 1947 and introduction by Paul Nash to Redfern Gallery Catalogue 'Recent Paintings by Michael Rothenstein and Eileen Agar', April - May 1942.

Personal Names

Corporate Names


Introduction, outline and drafts for 'ROOM AND BOOK', not including "The Modern Aesthetic"

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(I)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 1 folder

Scope and Content

Autograph manuscript and typed document

Personal Names


Two proof copies of 'ROOM AND BOOK' with illustrations

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(II)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 1 folder

Personal Names


'Going Modern and Being British', a draft article by Paul Nash

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(III)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 16 pieces

Personal Names


Three black and white photographs of Kelmscott Manor, mounted and with inscription by Nash

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(IV)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 16 pieces

Scope and Content

Also 2 black and white photographs (unmounted). Includes incomplete copy of 'Kelmscott revisited', by Nash.

Related Material

See also 7050/PH.314/N, 643/N, 645/N (for the above mounted photographs).

See also 7050/PH. 313/N, 1252/N (for the above unmounted photographs).

Personal Names


Article entitled 'The Argument for the Film "Fertile Image"' by Margaret Nash

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(IX)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 4 pieces

Scope and Content

Also an order for a book 'Fertile Image', and poem by Paul Nash entitled 'Poem relating to the Drawing "Combat"'.

Personal Names


Ten black and white photographs of a young woman from envelope inscribed by Nash - 'Mary Fell', (later Godwin).

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(V)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 11 pieces

Scope and Content

Also reproduction of painting by Samuel Palmer.

Personal Names


Black exercise book containing play beginning Act I scene 3 written in Nash's hand, cartoon sketches and Song from the Dream Room

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(VI)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 1 volume + 1 piece

Scope and Content

Includes sheet of paper with three designs by Paul Nash.

Personal Names


"Modern English Finishing" printed article by Paul Nash from 'The Architectural Review', January 1930, pp43-48

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(VII)
Dates of Creation Jan 1930
Physical Description 2 pieces

Personal Names


Short account in unidentified hand, inscribed in pencil "1906".

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(VIII)
Dates of Creation 1906
Physical Description 1 piece

Personal Names


Outline for 'ROOM AND BOOK' and draft lecture on pattern

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(X)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 6 pieces

Personal Names


Article inscribed in pencil "Concerning Architectural Review 124"

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/3(XI)
Dates of Creation nd
Physical Description 14 pieces

Personal Names


Collection of letters concerning Paul Nash's time as an official war artist working for the Air Ministry

This material is held at Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
Reference Number(s) GB 70 TGA 7050/4-72
Dates of Creation 1940-1946
Physical Description 1 folder

Scope and Content

Correspondents include Air Ministry officials I.B. Hutchinson, J.L. Cooke, H.O. Blow, J. Floss, W.G. Nott-Bower, H. Peake, Harold Balfour, C.G. Caines, F.J. Tywell, J. Cherney and A. Blackborow. Ministry of Information correspondents include E.M. O'Rourke Dickey, M. Bell, H.M. Wain, O. Day, C.H. Gibbs-Smith and Kenneth Clark working for the Artists Advisory Committee. Other correspondents include F.L. Wills, J. Herring and W.A. Bowen of various RAF photographic departments, and John Piper.

The correspondence is mainly from Hutchinson, Nott-Bower, Balfour, Dickey and Kenneth Clark, covering in detail Paul Nash's appointment, work and decommission as an official war artist. The letters contain references to Nash's terms and conditions of work; permits, finances and expenses; reference photographs requested or taken by Nash; exhibitions at the National Gallery; provisional titles and particular pieces of work including paintings of crashed German bombers, Wellington, Whitley and Blenheim aircraft and 'aerial creatures'. They include details of Paul Nash's decommission from the Air Ministry, and a draft letter of concern from Paul Nash and letters regarding his transfer to the Ministry of Information as an unofficial war artist (TGA 7050/55). The collection also includes Paul Nash's typed list of aeroplanes and locations.

Personal Names

Smith Charles H. Gibbs-

Corporate Names

R.A.F