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Papers relating to Dr Henry Faulds (1843-1930)

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This material is held at Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13
Dates of Creation 1951-1964
Name of Creator Dr Steven J. Faulds, pathologist.
Language of Material English
Physical Description 0.04 linear metres

Scope and Content

Correspondence between Sheriff G W Wilton and Dr J S Faulds, Dr J S Faulds and Dr G B Manning (a consultant Pathologist at Bolton Royal Infirmary) and between Sheriff G W Wilton and John Hewitt, Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, 1961-1962; pamphlets by Sheriff G W Wilton relating to fingerprints 1951-1957; newspaper cuttings relating to Dr Henry Faulds and fingerprinting, 1955-1964.

Administrative / Biographical History

Henry Faulds was born in Ayrshire in 1843. He studied medicine at Anderson's College in Glasgow and qualified as a Licentiate of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow in 1871. He became a Church of Scotland Missionary to India and Japan. He began studying fingerprints in Japan in the 1870's and is credited with the earliest fingerprint identification. His research was published in Nature Magazine in 1880. He asked Charles Darwin (1809-1882) for help in publicising his research but Darwin involved his cousin, Sir Francis Galton 1822-1911), who later claimed the credit for the discovery of fingerprinting. Faulds died in obscurity in 1930.

This collection mainly contains correspondence relating to the campaign led by Sheriff George W. Wilton to gain civil list pensions for the two daughters of Dr Henry Faulds. The campaign involved establishing that Dr Faulds had made a significant contribution in the discovery and development of fingerprinting in criminal investigations.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically within record series.

Conditions Governing Access

Access to some items may be restricted. Please contact the Archivist at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow.

Conditions Governing Use

Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance from the Archivist. We will try to assist in identifying copyright owners but the responsibility for copyright clearance before publication ultimately rests with the reader.

Appraisal Information

Appraised in accordance with GB 250's collection policy.

Acquisition Information

Gift from depositor's family.

Custodial History

Held with depositor's family.

Accruals

Not expected.

Archivist's Note

None.

Other Finding Aid

Descriptive list available at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow.

Location of Originals

This material is original.

Bibliography

No known publications.

Subjects

Pathology

Personal Names

Faulds Henry 1843-1930 Dr

Geographical Names

Glasgow (Scotland)

Cataloguing Info

Title Papers relating to Dr Henry Faulds (1843-1930)
Creation This document was generated by JavaScript from an HTML form which structured the input according to the elements of ISAD(G) Version 2 on Tue Apr 24 16:28:06 UTC+0100 2007.
Revisions

Correspondence, Sheriff G.W. Wilton and Dr. J.S. Faulds

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/1/1/1-22
Dates of Creation 1961-1962

Scope and Content

Including copies of correspondence between Wilton and the Director of the Scientific Police Research Institute, Tokyo.


Correspondence, Dr. J.S. Faulds and Dr. G.B. Manning

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/1/2/1-6
Dates of Creation 1962

Scope and Content

Manning, a consultant pathologist at Bolton Royal Infirmary, enlisting Faulds' support.


Correspondence, Wilton, Hewitt, Hilton and Sir Smith.

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/1/3/1-5
Dates of Creation 1962

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous correspondence between G.W. Wilton and John Hewitt, Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, and Ordway Hilton of New York, with two letters from Sir Sydney Smith to Wilton.


Fingerprints: Scotland Yard: Buxton Trial Revelations

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/1/4
Dates of Creation 1957

Scope and Content

Pamphlet by G.W. Wilton.


Fingerprints: Fifty Years of Injustice

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/1/5
Dates of Creation 1955

Scope and Content

Pamphlet by G.W. Wilton


Fingerprints: Scotland Yard and Henry Faulds

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/1/6
Dates of Creation 1951

Scope and Content

Pamphlet by G.W. Wilton.


Newspapers cuttings, Dr. Henry Faulds

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/1/7/1-7
Dates of Creation c.1952-1965

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous newspaper cuttings including:

  • "Fingerprint Faulds" by Rev. R. Stewart from Life and Work
  • "Fingerprint Pioneer: Fight for Recognition" by Sir Sydney Smith from The Scotsman
  • "The Marks of Cain: An Editorial Diary", review article by Alastair Phillips of a book by Jurgen Thorwald, Glasgow Herald.

Framed form showing hands of Japanese female

Reference Number(s) GB 250 RCPSG 13/8
Dates of Creation 1879-1880

Scope and Content

Lineations filled in with pencil by Henry Faulds (outsize).